dateutil - powerful extensions to datetime¶
The dateutil module provides powerful extensions to the standard datetime module, available in Python.
dateutil is available on PyPI https://pypi.python.org/pypi/python-dateutil/
The documentation is hosted at: https://dateutil.readthedocs.org/
- Computing of relative deltas (next month, next year, next monday, last week of month, etc);
- Computing of relative deltas between two given date and/or datetime objects;
- Computing of dates based on very flexible recurrence rules, using a superset of the iCalendar specification. Parsing of RFC strings is supported as well.
- Generic parsing of dates in almost any string format;
- Timezone (tzinfo) implementations for tzfile(5) format files (/etc/localtime, /usr/share/zoneinfo, etc), TZ environment string (in all known formats), iCalendar format files, given ranges (with help from relative deltas), local machine timezone, fixed offset timezone, UTC timezone, and Windows registry-based time zones.
- Internal up-to-date world timezone information based on Olson’s database.
- Computing of Easter Sunday dates for any given year, using Western, Orthodox or Julian algorithms;
- More than 400 test cases.
Here’s a snapshot, just to give an idea about the power of the package. For more examples, look at the documentation.
Suppose you want to know how much time is left, in years/months/days/etc, before the next easter happening on a year with a Friday 13th in August, and you want to get today’s date out of the “date” unix system command. Here is the code:
>>> from dateutil.relativedelta import * >>> from dateutil.easter import * >>> from dateutil.rrule import * >>> from dateutil.parser import * >>> from datetime import * >>> now = parse("Sat Oct 11 17:13:46 UTC 2003") >>> today = now.date() >>> year = rrule(YEARLY,dtstart=now,bymonth=8,bymonthday=13,byweekday=FR).year >>> rdelta = relativedelta(easter(year), today) >>> print("Today is: %s" % today) Today is: 2003-10-11 >>> print("Year with next Aug 13th on a Friday is: %s" % year) Year with next Aug 13th on a Friday is: 2004 >>> print("How far is the Easter of that year: %s" % rdelta) How far is the Easter of that year: relativedelta(months=+6) >>> print("And the Easter of that year is: %s" % (today+rdelta)) And the Easter of that year is: 2004-04-11
Being exactly 6 months ahead was really a coincidence :)
Building and releasing¶
When you get the source, it does not contain the internal zoneinfo database. To get (and update) the database, run the updatezinfo.py script. Make sure that the zic command is in your path, and that you have network connectivity to get the latest timezone information from IANA. If you have downloaded the timezone data earlier, you can give the tarball as a parameter to updatezinfo.py.
dateutil has a comprehensive test suite, which can be run simply by running python setup.py test [-q] in the project root. Note that if you don’t have the internal zoneinfo database, some tests will fail. Apart from that, all tests should pass.
To easily test dateutil against all supported Python versions, you can use tox.
All github pull requests are automatically tested using travis.
- dateutil - powerful extensions to datetime
- dateutil examples